An Overview of Urbanization in Ecuador under Functional Urban Area Definition


This paper explores the urbanization process under Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) definition considering Ecuador as case of study. Analyzing data from 1950 to 2010, we have identified 28 FUAs that confirm that urbanization has rapidly increased in Ecuador since 1962. Then, a slum index, which is constructed using a United Nations methodology, is applied to approach individuals’ wellbeing at dwelling level into FUAs for the period 1990 - 2010. We find that the greater improvement in terms of quality of dwelling takes place during the period 1990 - 2001 compared to 2001-2010.

Author Biographies

Moises Obaco, University of Barcelona

AQR-IREA research group

Juan Pablo Díaz-Sánchez, Escuela Politécnica Nacional

Facultad de Ciencias


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How to Cite
Obaco, M. and Díaz-Sánchez, J. P. (2018) “An Overview of Urbanization in Ecuador under Functional Urban Area Definition”, REGION, 5(3), pp. 39-48. doi: 10.18335/region.v5i3.235.