An Overview of Urbanization in Ecuador under Functional Urban Area Definition
This paper explores the urbanization process under Functional Urban Areas (FUAs) definition considering Ecuador as case of study. Analyzing data from 1950 to 2010, we have identified 28 FUAs that confirm that urbanization has rapidly increased in Ecuador since 1962. Then, a slum index, which is constructed using a United Nations methodology, is applied to approach individuals’ wellbeing at dwelling level into FUAs for the period 1990 - 2010. We find that the greater improvement in terms of quality of dwelling takes place during the period 1990 - 2001 compared to 2001-2010.
Ahrend R, Kaplanis I, Farchy, E, Lembcke A (2015) What Makes Cities More Productive? Agglomeration Economies and the Role of Urban Governance: Evidence from 5 OECD Countries. SERC working paper No. 178.
Delaunay, Daniel (1985) Demografía en el Ecuador una bibliografía: Poblaciones de las parroquias of Ecuador 1950 – 1982. Centro Ecuatoriano de Investigación Geográfica, Documentos de Investigación (CEDIG), Serie Demografía y Geografía de la Población, Quito, June N. (1) & (2).
Duque J, Royuela V, Noreña M (2012) A Stepwise Procedure to Determine a Suitable Scale for the Spatial Delimitation of Urban Slums. Springer: Defining the Spatial Scale in Modern Regional Analysis pp 237-254.
Glaeser EL, Henderson JV (2017) Urban economics for the developing World: An introduction. Journal of Urban Economics 98 (1): 1-5.
Pesaresi, M, Melchiorri M, Siragusa, A, Kemper T (2016) Atlas of the Human Planet 2016: Mapping Human Presence on Earth, with the Global Human Settlement Layer. European Commission, EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports, ISBN: 978-92-79-62022-5.
Jaitman L (2015) Urban infrastructure in Latin America and the Caribbean: policy priorities. Latin America Economic Review (24:13), Spinger Open, pp 1 – 57.
Obaco M, Royuela V, Vítores X (2017) Computing functional urban areas using a hierarchical travel time approach: An applied case in Ecuador. AQR-IREA working paper (5): 46.
OECD (2008) Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing, ISBN 978-92-64-04345-9.
OECD (2013) Definition of functional urban areas (FUA) for the OECD metropolitan database. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Royuela V, Castells-Quintana D, Melguizo C (2017) Las ciudades españolas tras la gran recesión una mirada a la población el empleo y los precios de la vivienda. Papeles de Economía Española, No 153. ISSN: 0210-9107.
Sanchez-Serra D (2016) Functional Urban Areas in Colombia. Regional Development Working Papers, 2016/08, OECD Publishing, Paris.
Schmidheiny K, Suedekum J (2015) The pan-European population distribution across consistently defined functional urban areas. Economics Letters, (133) pp. 10 -13.
United Nations (2004) Urban Indicators Guidelines: Monitoring the Habitat Agenda and the Millennium Development Goals.
United Nations (2015) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, (ST/ESA/SER.A/366).
Veneri P (2016) City size distribution across the OECD: Does the definition of cities matter? Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (59), pp 86 – 94.
Copyright (c) 2018 Moises Obaco Alvarez, Juan Pablo Diaz Sanchez
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
REGION is an open journal, and uses the standard Creative Commons license: Copyright We want authors to retain the maximum control over their work consistent with the first goal. For this reason, authors who publish in REGION will release their articles under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license. This license allows anyone to copy and distribute the article for non-commercial purposes provided that appropriate attribution is given to REGION and the authors. For details of the rights authors grant users of their work, see the "human-readable summary" of the license, with a link to the full license. (Note that "you" refers to a user, not an author, in the summary.) Upon submission, the authors agree that the following three items are true: 1) The manuscript named above: a) represents valid work and neither it nor any other that I have written with substantially similar content has been published before in any form except as a preprint, b) is not concurrently submitted to another publication, and c) does not infringe anyone’s copyright. The Author(s) holds ERSA, WU, REGION, and the Editors of REGION harmless against all copyright claims. d) I have, or a coauthor has, had sufficient access to the data to verify the manuscript’s scientific integrity. 2) If asked, I will provide or fully cooperate in providing the data on which the manuscript is based so the editors or their assignees can examine it (where possible) 3) For papers with more than one author, I as the submitter have the permission of the coauthors to submit this work, and all authors agree that the corresponding author will be the main correspondent with the editorial office, and review the edited manuscript and proof. If there is only one author, I will be the corresponding author and agree to handle these responsibilities.